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Stock# 69118
Description

Extra-Illustrated For the French and Indian War with Four Maps of the Upper Midwest, Louisiana, and Canada.

An imposing, extra-illustrated example of the 1757 De Vaugondy Atlas Universel, with an extensive complement of over 112 maps, including coverage of Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas, as well as suite dedicated to the Ancient World and one covering post routes in Europe.

The De Vaugondy Atlas Universel was published in 1757 during the French and Indian War (1754-63).  While normally the atlas includes 6 maps covering all or part of North America and the Caribbean, this example of the atlas was extra-illustrated by an early owner with four seminal maps relevant to the conflict. It includes D'Anville's four-sheet map of North America Amerique Septentrionale Publiee Sous Les Auspices de Monseigneur le Duc D'Orleans; Bellin's important 1755 pair of Canadian and Great Lakes maps Partie Orientale... and Partie Occidentale de la Novuelle France ou Canada; as well as his Carte de La Louisiane et des Pays Voisins, also from 1755.

Regarding the Bellin Partie Occidentale De La Nouvelle France, we commented in a previous description:

Bellin's map of the Great Lakes is one of the cartographic landmarks of the region. Among other things, the map is noteworthy for the introduction of the islands in Lake Superior, which would remain on maps for nearly 100 years. The map summarizes the knowledge of the region as the French knew it toward the end of their occupation. It shows the river systems known to the French explorers, locates French forts and settlements, and identifies Indian Villages. The map also incorporates some of the work of Sieur de La Verendrye, the last of the great French explorers in America.

The three Bellin maps had originally appeared in 1744 in Charlevoix's Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France, though they were updated in 1755 as the situation in North America recaptured the focus of the French public.

Regarding the appropriateness of the Postal maps, Rumsey (3353) says:

1st edition, with five postal maps added, as issued. With the list of subscribers and the extra postal maps of England, France, Germany, Italy and Spain. The French postal map is dated 1758. All five were added after the printed list of maps was printed, but are mentioned by Vaugondy in the preface, so they may have been an afterthought.

Collation

  1. Orbis vetus
  2. La Terre-Sainte
  3. Imperiorum antiquorum tabula in qua prae caetris Alexandi magni, &c.
  4. Imperium Romanum
  5. Britannicae insulae
  6. Gallia
  7. Germania
  8. Hispania
  9. Italia
  10. Graecia
  11. Asia minor
  12. Caroli magni Imperium
  13. Mappemonde
  14. Europe
  15. Isles Brittaniques
  16. Angleterre
  17. Ecosse
  18. Irlande
  19. Dannemark
  20. Suede & Norwege
  21. Russie Europeenne Meridionale
  22. Russie Europeenne Septentrionale
  23. France par Gouvernemens
  24. Picardie & Artois, Boulenois, & Flandre francoise
  25. Normandie
  26. Bretagne
  27. Maine & Perche, Anjou, Touraine, & Saumurois
  28. Oreleanois, Beauce & Gatinois
  29. Isle de France
  30. Environs de Paris
  31. Champagne Meridionale
  32. Champagne Septentrionale
  33. Lorraine
  34. Alsace
  35. Poitou, Saintonge, Angoumois, & Aunis
  36. Marche, Limosin, & Auvergne
  37. Berri, Nivernois, & Bourbonnois
  38. Bourgogne-duche, & Lyonnois Meridionale
  39. Bourgogne-duche, & Lyonnois Septentrionale
  40. Bourgogne-comte Meridionale
  41. Bourgogne-comte Septentrionale
  42. Bourdelois, Perigord, Agenois & Bazadois
  43. Quercy & Rouergue
  44. Gascogne, Basse Navarre & Bearn
  45. Languedoc
  46. Dauphine
  47. Provence
  48. Pays-Bas catholiques
  49. Flandres
  50. Brabant, Namurois Meridionale
  51. Brabant, Namurois Septentrionale
  52. Luxembourg
  53. Haynaut & Cambresis
  54. Liege & Limbourg
  55. Provinices-unies
  56. Allemagne
  57. Suisse
  58. Westphalie
  59. Basse-Saxe
  60. Haute-Saxe Meridionale
  61. Haute-Saxe Septentrionale
  62. Cercle des quatre Electeurs
  63. Franconie
  64. Souabe
  65. Baviere
  66. Autriche, Stirie, &c. Meridionale
  67. Autriche, Stirie, &c. Septentrionale
  68. Tirol
  69. Boheme, Silesie, Moravie & Lusace
  70. Hongrie
  71. Pologne
  72. Prusse 
  73. Espagne
  74. Castille Meridionale
  75. Castille Septentrionale
  76. Arragon
  77. Portugal Meridionale
  78. Portugal Septentrionale
  79. Italie
  80. Lombardie Orientale
  81. Lombardie Occidentale
  82. Savoye
  83. Etat de L'Eglise, & Duche de Toscane
  84. Royaume de Naples Septentrionale
  85. Royaume de Naples Meridionale
  86. Turquie d'Europe
  87. Asie
  88. Empire des Russes en Europe, & en Asie Occidentale
  89. Empire des Russes en Europe, & en Asie Orientale
  90. Etats du Turc en Asie, & Perse
  91. Indies Orientales
  92. Archipel des Indes Orientales
  93. Chine
  94. Japon
  95. Afrique
  96. Egypte ancienne & moderne
  97. Amerique Septentrionale
  98. D'Anville's Amerique Septentrionale (in two parts)
  99. Partie de l'Amerique Septent. qui comprend La Nouvelle France ou le Canada
  100. Bellin's Partie Orientale de la Nouvelle France ou du Canada... 1755 (not photographed, but present)
  101. Bellin's Partie Occidentale de la Nouvelle France ou du Canada... 1755
  102. Bellin's Carte de La Louisane et Des Pays Voisins... 1755
  103. Possessions angloises en Amerique, & cours d l'Ohio
  104. Virginie & Maryland
  105. Amerique meridionale
  106. Isles Antilles
  107. Isles de S. Domingue & de la Martinique
  108. Carte de L'Italie
  109. Carte des Royaume d'Espagne et de Portugal
  110. Carte des grandes routes d'Angleterre, d'Ecosse, et d'Irlande
  111. Carte de l'Empire d'Allemagne
  112. Carte du Royaume de France
Condition Description
Folio. Contemporary full calf. (Covers worn; hinges starting). 112 (of 108, with four extra, as described) engraved maps, many finished with original outline hand-color.
Reference
Phillips, 619 (1757/1758); Pedley. Belle et utile, p. 227; Fordham, Studies in Cartobibligraphy p. 165.
Gilles Robert de Vaugondy Biography

Gilles Robert de Vaugondy (1688-1766) was the head of a leading family of geographers in eighteenth century France. Gilles got his start when he jointly inherited the shop of Pierre-Moullart Sanson, grandson of the famous geographer Nicholas Sanson. The inheritance included the business, its stock of plates, and a roller press. In 1760 Gilles became geographer to King Louis XV. His son, Didier Robert de Vaugondy (ca. 1723-1786), was also a geographer and the two worked together. They were known for their exactitude and depth of research. In 1757, they produced the Atlas Universel, considered an authority for many years.

Didier Robert de Vaugondy Biography

Didier Robert de Vaugondy (ca. 1723-1786) was the son of prominent geographer Gilles Robert de Vaugondy and Didier carried on his father’s impressive work. Together, they published their best-known work, the Atlas Universel (1757). The atlas took fifteen years to create and was released in a folio and ¾ folio edition; both are rare and highly sought-after today. Together and individually, father and son were known for their exactitude and depth of research.

Like his father, Didier served as geographer to King Louis XV. He was especially recognized for his skills in globe making; for example, a pair of his globes made for the Marquise de Pompadour are today in the collection of the Municipal Museum of Chartres. Didier was also the geographer to the Duke of Lorraine. In 1773, he was appointed royal censor in charge of monitoring the information published in geography texts, navigational tracts, and travel accounts.