Rare Dutch Sea Chart of the Pacific
Fine old color example of Pieter Goos' sea chart of the Pacific Ocean, extending from Australia, New Zealand and Japan to California.
Oriented with west at the top, Goos's chart is among the earliest regional maps to focus on the Dutch discoveries in New Zealand and Australia. Van Diemen's explorations in Australia of 1642 are noted and dated, as is a note regarding the discovery of New Zealand in 1642. The prospect that Australia and New Guinea are not connected is rather vaguely depicted by Goos, making it one of the earliest sea charts to recognize this passage. Many other islands are noted, as is Japan, with a curious depiction of its northern islands.
Across the Pacific Ocean, California and the Straits of Anian are plainly depicted.
Pieter Goos' sea atlas was among the most important and commercially successful Sea Atlases of the 17th Century. Goos' father, Abraham Goos, was one of the most sought after Dutch engravers of his time (for example, he engraved a number of the maps for John Speed's Atlas). Pieter Goos continued this tradition of fine, elegant engraving, with his Zee Atlas of 1666.
Goos's intention to make a work of both beauty and utility is plainly set forth in this title page, specifically stating that the work will be beneficial to both "Heeren en Kooplieden" (gentlemen and merchants) and to "Schippers en Stuurlieden" (pilots and seamen). As stated by Koeman, "The . . . beautiful sea-atlas reflects a high professional standard. The many editions published over twenty-five years are an indication of the customer's appreciation."
Pieter Goos (ca. 1616-1675) was a Dutch map and chart maker, whose father Abraham Goos (approx. 1590-1643) had already published numerous globes, land and sea maps together with Jodocus Hondius and Johannes Janssonius in Antwerp.
Pieter Goos gained recognition due to the publication of sea charts. He bought the copperplates of the famous guide book for sailors, De Lichtende Columne ofte Zeespiegel (Amsterdam 1644, 1649, 1650), from Anthonie Jacobsz. Goos published his own editions of this work in various languages, while adding his own maps. In 1666, he published his De Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Weereld, which is considered one of the best sea atlases of its time. Goos' sea charts came to dominate the Dutch market until the 1680s, when the Van Keulen family began to come to prominence.