An Early Transcontinental Highway
Nice example of this scarce map of the United States published by The Victory Highway Association, with its National Headquarters in Topeka Kansas.
The Victory Highway is highlighted in red, differentiating it from other US Roads. At bottom right, a list of "Trail & Highway Markings" shows a number of the other famed early American Roads, including:
- Mississippi River Scenic highway
- Jefferson Highway
- Yellowstone Trail
- King of Trails
- National Old Trails Road
- Lone Star Route
- Mississippi Valley Highway
- Meridian Highway
- Evergreen National Highway
- California Banff Bee-Line Highway
- Ozark Trails
- Dixie Highway
- Colorado to Gulf Highway
At the lower left is a list of National Parks and Monuments numerically located on the map.
The Victory Highway was an auto trail across the United States, was created by the Victory Highway Association, which was organized in 1921 to locate and mark a transcontinental highway to be dedicated to American forces who died in World War I. A series of Victory Eagle sculptures were intended to be used to mark the route, although only six were completed.
East of St. Louis, the Victory Highway mostly followed the National Old Trails Road, except through New Jersey.
When the United States Numbered Highways system was introduced in 1926, the Victory Highway route was supplanted mostly by U.S. 40. The Victory Highway Association continued to promote tourism along the route, but as the importance of named highways declined, the association renamed itself the U.S. Highway 40 Association in 1938.
Rand McNally & Co. is a large American map and navigation company best known for its annual atlases. The company got its start in 1856, when William Rand opened a print shop in Chicago. He was joined in 1858 by a new employee, Andrew McNally. Together, the men established their namesake company in 1868. Originally, the company was intended to print the tickets and timetables for the trains running to and through Chicago; their first railway guide was published in 1869.
By 1870, they had shifted from just printing to publishing directories, travel guides, and newspapers. Their first map appeared in 1872 in a railway guide. The map was produced using a new wax engraving method, a cheaper process that gave the company an edge.
By 1880 Rand McNally had entered the education market with globes, wall maps, and geography texts for students. In 1923, Rand McNally published the first Goode’s World Atlas, named after its editor, Dr. J. Paul Goode. For generations afterward, this would be the standard classroom atlas.
In 1899, William Rand left the company, but McNally and his family remained, controlling the company for over a century. In 1904, they published their first road map intended for automobiles and by 1907 were publishing Photo-Auto Guides, which combined photography and mapping to help drivers. In 1924, they produced the Auto Chum, a precursor to their famous road atlases. Rand McNally would remain the leader in road maps and atlases throughout the twentieth century.
In 1937, Rand McNally opened its first store in New York City. Ever on the frontier of technology, Rand McNally pioneered the scribing process for printing tickets in 1958 and printed their first full-color road atlas in 1960. Arthur Robinson developed his now-famous projection of Rand McNally in 1969. By the 1980s, the company was exploring digital reproduction and digital databases of maps for truckers. In the 1990s, they lead the charge to develop trip-planning software and websites. Today, most of its products are available online or in a digital format, including maps for tablets and phones.