Detailed map of Spain and Portugal by one of the Iberian Peninsula's best mapmakers, Don Tomas Lopez.
The map is dedicated to King Ferdinand VII, here with his title "Prince of Asturias", who would play a key role in Spain's tumultuous politics of the decades the followed the publication of the map. He was deposed by Napoleon in 1808, during the Peninsular War, but eventually regained power in 1813, suspending the Constitution of 1812. His power was substantially curbed in 1820, but he was restored to absolute power by a French intervention in 1823 after the Congress of Vienna. Upon his death in 1833, the country was plunged into civil war.
This is the second edition of this map, first published in 1770. The date has been changed as well as the text block in the lower-left corner. The text in the bottom left describes the sources Lopez used in creating this map.
Tomás López de Vargas Machuca (1730-1802) was one of Spain’s most prominent cartographers in the eighteenth century. He was born in Toledo but studied at the Colegio Imperial in Madrid, where he focused on mathematics, grammar, and rhetoric. Along with a small group of colleagues, in 1752 the Spanish government sent López for training in Paris with the renowned geographer Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville. When he returned to Spain he was named Geógrafo de los dominios de Su Magestad and put in charge of the geographic collections of Charles III. He published many maps, including his fascinating maps of the Americas, and a variety of geography manuals. Some of his most famous maps are of the Iberian Peninsula, part of his large project to create a majestic atlas of Spain. Unfinished in his lifetime, López's children published the Atlas Geográfico de España (Geographical Atlas of Spain) in 1804. It was republished in 1810 and 1830.