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Mexico & The Republic of Texas

Striking example of Arrowsmith's Map of Mexico, from the London Atlas, including the Republic of Texas in its largest configuration.

The map provides a fantastic example of the Republic of Texas in earliest Republic format, extending only to the Nueces River and the so called Comanches region.  In 1842, Arrowsmith would expand the coverage of Texas by incorporating the area extending to the boundary to the Rio Grande River and the Arkansas River, extending to about the modern day border between Wyoming and Colorado, near modern day Cheyenne.

Includes excellent cartographic detail in Texas & Upper California. Includes a number of early roads in Texas. Felipe de Austin is shown, along with many other settlements. At least 10 Indian Villages appear. De Witt's colony also appears on the Guadalupe River. Cabello and Gonsalves are also named. At least a dozen early place names appear, with good detail along the coast, Galveston Bay, Matagorda Bay, etc.

The detail in Upper California is also noteworthy, although more so for its inaccuracies and myths. The mythical river system of California is still very much in evidence, as is a block shaped Salt Lake. The Gila has its terminus in the Gulf of California. The Marties R. and mythical lake still appear.

While San Francisco Bay is no longer connected to Salt Lake, there is a curious series of rivers and swamps off the Rio Buenaventura near Tahoe and Reno with note regarding fresh water tides, etc. The American Fur Depot on Salt Lake is named, and the Camino Real and the Missions of Upper California are named. Many early roads and explorations routes are shown, including Captain Bell's route on the Arkansas, Long's Route, the Spanish Trail to Santa Fe, and others.


The 1840 state of the map is rare on the market. This is the first example we have offered for sale.

John Arrowsmith Biography

John (1790-1873) operated his own independent business after his uncle, Aaron Arrowsmith, died. After 1839, John moved into the Soho premises of his uncle and cousins. John enjoyed considerable recognition in the geography and exploration community. Like Aaron, John was a founder member of the RGS and would serve as its unofficial cartographer for 43 years. Several geographical features in Australia and Canada are named after him. He died in 1873 and the majority of his stock was eventually bought by Edward Stanford, who co-founded the Stanford’s map shop that is still open in Covent Garden, London today.