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Description

Rare early English sea chart of the Atlantic, published in London by Jeremiah Seller and Charles Price.

The map is one of the earliest sea charts published in England to illustrate what would become known as the Triangle Trade, which involved the transport of slaves from Africa to the Caribbean and North America, which were sold, with the money used to purchae raw goods (sugar, rum, molasses; tobacco and hemp), which were in turn transported to Europe and sold, before beginning again.  The trade took adavantage of the prevailing ocean currents, which made the triangular route more adventageous than simply an "out and back" route. 

The map is a reduced version of a 4 sheet wall map of the same region, published by Thornton, Fisher, Colson & Atkinson (Burden #506).

The map includes part of North and South America, western Europe and southern England. The cartouche, placed in the central Africa, contains two figures blowing horns. Another cartouche appears in South America with two natives and two animals surround the scale. The compass rose radiates rhumb lines to all four continents.

The present example would seem to be the first state, with the names Jeremiah Seller and Charles Price shown.  A second state has the name Seller & Price removed from the cartouche.  

One of the most curious features of the map is the naming of "Batlemore" between Maryland and Chesapeake B. The Maryland colonial General Assembly created the Port of Baltimore at Locust Point in 1706 for the tobacco trade. The Town of Baltimore was founded on July 30, 1729, and is named after Lord Baltimore, who was the first Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland.

This may in fact be the earliest appearance of the name on a printed map.

Rarity

This is the second time we have seen this map in 25 years.  The only other example was the second state, which we sold in 2011.

 

Condition Description
Fold Split at top center, expertly repaired on verso.
Reference
Burden II, #443; McCorckle 675.7
Charles Price Biography

Charles Price (1679?-1733) was an engraver, instrument maker, and mapseller.

Price had been apprenticed to John Seller, famous mapmaker and father to Charles’ business partner, Jeremiah. In fact, Jeremiah and Charles were made free of the Merchant Taylors Guild on the same day, September 1, 1703. The two were already working together by then.

After breaking off with Seller, Price worked with John Senex (1705-10) and George Wildey (1710-13). He was still working in the 1720s, but was in Fleet Prison in 1731 for debt and died two years later.

He is known to have published in 1732  his Atlas Maritimus or, a new Sea Atlas . . .  This work contains maps dated 1728 and 1731.  We locate at single example (Bancroft Library - 30 maps) and we acquired an example in 2018 (25 maps).  It is quite likely that the work was an unfinished composite, as a number of the maps have blank spaces in the titles, in anticipation of dedicatees that were apparently never obtained.  The atlas was known to have been started, but not completed, as noted by Tony Campbell in the British Library Journal, recording the acquisition by the British Library of an untitled collection of charts by Price:

Price, Charles. [A set of English charts of the coasts of the British Isles and Europe, together with Hispaniola, engraved by Charles Price.] London: Charles Price , IV.1730].

Twenty-one charts, 50 cm.

An unrecorded collection without title-page, with a note on one chart announcing the author's intention of publishing 'a Compleat Sea Atlas', to remedy 'the Great want of a good sett of Sea Charts now extant in Great Britain (excepting for our own Coasts)'. The project proceeded no further.

By 1731 Price had to sell off his charts cheaply, and he ended the year in the Fleet Prison. Many of the charts are based on those of Greenville Collins and most are dated 1729 or 1730.

The named collaborators were teachers of mathematics, or, like Price, mathematical instrument makers.

Maps C.8.b.i

Jeremiah Seller Biography

Jeremiah Seller (1671-?) was the second son of prominent London mapmaker John Seller. He inherited two-thirds of the business upon his father’s death in 1697. From 1700-5 Seller worked in partnership with Charles Price. In 1705, Jeremiah lost the family contract to supply instruments to the Royal Navy, which led to the dissolution of his partnership with Price. Seller left the map trade in that year, passing his stock to Richard Mount and Thomas Page.