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Nice example of Arrowsmith's map of the Pacific Ocean, which appeared in his London Atlas of Universal Geography.

The map extends from New Zealand and Australia to Kamchatka and the Aleutian Islands, with a detailed treatment of Oceana, the West Coast of America, East Coast of Asia and the islands of the Atlantic, centered on the Sandwich Island (Hawaii).

The map was published at a fascinating time for the history of the region.  The British colonization of Australia, was just beginning in earnest, with the founding of several major colonies and towns only just completed, including:

  • Brisbane (1825)
  • Van Diemen's Land (1825)
  • Western Australia (1827)

The map pre-dates the founding of the South Australia in 1835 and New Zealand's being severed from the Colony of New South Wales in 1841.

John Arrowsmith Biography

John (1790-1873) operated his own independent business after his uncle, Aaron Arrowsmith, died. After 1839, John moved into the Soho premises of his uncle and cousins. John enjoyed considerable recognition in the geography and exploration community. Like Aaron, John was a founder member of the RGS and would serve as its unofficial cartographer for 43 years. Several geographical features in Australia and Canada are named after him. He died in 1873 and the majority of his stock was eventually bought by Edward Stanford, who co-founded the Stanford’s map shop that is still open in Covent Garden, London today.