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Detailed view of the Valley of the Kah Wee Yah River (Tulare River) and the Kings River.

The expedition surveying the southern route along the 35th parallel, led by Lieutenant Amiel Weeks Whipple, explored from Little Rock, Arkansas, through Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona, ending up passing through the Mojave Desert to Los Angeles. Besides the standard surveyors and artists, Whipple’s party included astronomers, geologists, naturalists, and botanists, and the report contained excellent sections on various scientific topics and a section on the Indians of the region. The drawings were mostly by Möllhausen, a German artist who traveled extensively around the American West.

From Reports of Explorations and Surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, made under the direction of the Secretary of War, in 1853-4.