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Only known example of the rare map of of the Eastern Mediterranean.

As note by Bifolco, this unique map is one of four sheets from a 16th century wall map of Europe, which an incomplete example survives the Civic Library of Bergamo in Italy (3 of 4 sheets), which were first located by Stefano Bifolco in conjunction with his book research.

The map includes a 16 point compass rose, with North at the top.

The Southeastern sheet was previously described by Almagia, who attributed the map to the work of Giacomo Gastaldi in 1560.

The map was originally engraved prior to 1572, as a flat with the Lion of San Marco is shown on Cyprus, which was taken in 1572 by the Ottoman Empire.


Almagià (1948): p. 85, n. 5 (south-east sheet); Rare Cartography (1986): n. 84; Tolias (2011): p. 106, II.33, n. 1612; Zacharakis (1992): n. 2759. All referred only to the south-east sheet.

Bifolco-Ronca, Cartography and Italian Topography of the sixteenth century, Catalog raisonné of the printed works (2018), pp. 662-663, tav. 218, III / III.
Stefano Scolari Biography

Stefano Scolari was active between 1644 and 1687. He was a designer, engraver and editor from Brescia, although he practiced his trade in Venice. His shop, in S. Zulian under the sign of the Three Virtues, was one of the best known in seventeenth-century Venice. He engraved, printed, and traded in prints, particularly, maps. He specialized in the re-issue of important maps including Gastaldi's map of Lombardy and the 12-sheet map of Italy by Greuter.