Detailed map of the city of Tutecoryn in Southern India.
Thoothukudi is also known by the name 'Muthu Kuzhithurai'. It is also called as "Sea Gateway of Tamil Nadu".
The ancient town of Korkai (the modern Thoothukudi) has been a center for maritime trade and pearl fishery for more than 2000 years. Ptolemy's geography refers to Korkai as a center of pearl fishery while describing commercial relations between western India and Alexandria, the chief eastern emporium of the Roman Empire. The Periplus says that the Pandyan kingdom extended from Comari towards the north, including Korkai, where the pearl fisheries were.
The major harbor of Thoothukudi is one of the oldest seaports in the world and was the seaport of the Pandyan kingdom after Korkai, near Palayakayal. It was later taken over by the Portuguese in 1548, captured by the Dutch in 1658, and ceded to the British in 1825.