Finely executed manuscript map of the Theater of War in Northwestern Europe, illustrating various battles, some with dates.
The maps are printed on hand made paper with a large elaborate watermark D & C Blauw, the paper of the iconic Blaeu firm, which was also copied and used in the 18th and 19th Century by other French papermakers.
The majority of battles were fought during the French Revolution and the first Napoleonic Wars.
Includes the stamp of the "Ecolr. Royalale Speciale Millr."
A number of battles are illustrated with crossed swords, including:
- Crevelt 1758
- Jemmapes 1792
- Valmy 1792
- Stockach 1799
- Craoone 1814
- Paris 1814
- Montmirail 1814
- Champ-Aubert 1814
- Etoges 1814
- Waterloo 1815
The École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr is the foremost French military academy – often referred to as Saint-Cyr.
The School is located in Coëtquidan in Guer, Morbihan, Brittany, along with the École militaire interarmes. Its motto is Ils s'instruisent pour vaincre, literally meaning "They study to vanquish" or, more freely put, "Training for victory". French cadet officers are called saint-cyriens or cyrards. French students who enter Saint-Cyr as cadets are about 21 years old, and undergo three years of training. All ESM cadets graduate with a master of arts or a master of science and are commissioned officers.
The academy was founded in Fontainebleau in 1802 by Napoleon. It was moved in 1806 to the buildings of the former Maison Royale de Saint-Louis, in Saint-Cyr-l'École, west of Paris. During the Second World War, the cadets moved several times due to the German invasion. They eventually settled in 1945 in the Coetquidan military camp in Morbihan.