Rare early Johann Baptist Homann map of Hungary and the Balkans, extending southeast to Albania and Macedonia.
Includes an elaborate allegorical scene illustrating the successful liberation of the region from the Ottoman Empire following the Siege of Vienna in 1683, with Ottoman fighters kneeling and surrendering their swords to a Hapsburg monarch. The view illustrates the Siege of Belgrade. The scale of miles is surrounded by 7 coats of arms.
The Great Turkish War or War of the Holy League was a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League consisting of the Habsburg Empire, Poland-Lithuania, Venice and Russia. Intensive fighting began in 1683 and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, which resulted in the Ottoman Empire's loss of its lands in Hungary and Poland, as well as part of the western Balkans.
Johann Baptist Homann (1663-1724) was a mapmaker who founded the famous Homann Heirs publishing company. He lived his entire life in Bavaria, particularly in Nuremberg. Initially, Johann trained to become a priest before converting to Protestantism and working as a notary.
In 1702, Johann founded a publishing house that specialized in engravings. The firm flourished, becoming the leading map publisher in Germany and an important entity in the European map market. In 1715, Johann was named Imperial Geographer to the Holy Roman Empire by Charles VI and made a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Most importantly for his business, his reputation and contacts gained him imperial printing privileges which protected his publications and recommended him to customers. Johann is best known for this Grosser Atlas ueber die ganze Welt, or the Grand Atlas of the World, published in 1716.
After Johann died in 1724, the business passed to his son, Christoph (1703-1730). Upon Christoph’s early death, the company passed to subsequent heirs, with the name of the company changing to Homann Erben, or Homann Heirs. The firm continued in business until 1848.