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Nice example of Arrowsmith & Lewis' map of Mississippi Territory, extending from the Mississippi River to the Chatahooche River and incorporating all of Alabama.

Mississippi Territory was established in 1802.

Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the US began to claim the region known as West Florida, but the Spanish retained control of this region until 1810 and the region was not added to Mississippi Territory until 1812. This map is one of the earliest separate maps of the Territory, showing West Florida as not yet part of the Territory.

The region is dominated by several companies, including Georgia Company, Tennessee Company and Upper Mississippi Company. The lands of the Upper, Middle and Lower Creeks and the Chickasaws and Choctawas are shown. A number of Indian paths are illustrated, along with villages and towns throughout the map. The map illustrates the primitive nature of the settlements and roads in this region.

An important early map for Mississippi and Alabama collectors.

Aaron Arrowsmith Biography

Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1823) was born in Durham in 1750. He came to London for work around 1770, where he found employment as a surveyor for the city’s mapmakers. By 1790, he had set up his own shop which specialized in general charts. Arrowsmith’s three shops were located on or near Soho Square, a neighborhood the led him to rub shoulders with the likes of Joseph Banks, the naturalist, and Matthew Flinders, the hydrographer. Through his business ties and employment at the HO, Arrowsmith made other important relationships with Alexander Dalrymple, the HBC, and other companies. In 1810 he became Hydrographer to the Prince of Wales and, in 1820, Hydrographer to the King. He died in 1823, whereby the business passed to his sons, Aaron and Samuel, and, later, his nephew, John.