Detailed Map of the New England Theater -- French & Indian War
Detailed map of New England and the Northern Colonies, intended to inform the British public of the regions and progress of the battles being fought during the French & Indian War.
At a time when news from the American Colonies traveled slowly, the earliest graphical information available to the British public frequently came from "magazines." The map extends from Lake Ontario and Fort Ontario to western Nova Scotia, centered on Lake Champlain and the Iriquois Country.
The map includes notes on the Treaty of Utrecht and other boundaries, along with the various forts southeast of the St. Laurence River, including Presentation Fort, Ft. Oswego, Ft. Ontario, Ft. St. John, Ft. Lewis, Ft. Chambli, Ft. Fredrick at Crown Point, Ft. William Henry, Ft. Hunless, Shirley Ft., Sheldon's Fort, Shank's Fort, Ft. Dummer, No. 4 or Stephen's Fort, Ft. Halifax, Frank Ft., Ft. Western, etc. Boston Harbor is shown. One of the first seat of war maps to report on the battles in North America.
The Gentleman’s Magazine was a British publication that helped to normalize the use of maps in support of articles and features. It was founded in 1731 by the prominent London publisher Edward Cave, a pioneer in periodical journalism. The magazine continued in print for nearly two centuries, shuttering production in 1922.
This was the publication which first used the word “magazine”, from the French for storehouse. Cave wanted to create a storehouse of knowledge and he employed some of London’s best writers to fill his pages: Samuel Johnson gained his first regular employment by writing for the Gentleman’s Magazine. Other famous contributors included Jonathan Swift.
The publication covered a broad range of topics, from literature to politics, and, from 1739, frequently used maps as illustrations. The first map they printed was a woodcut of Crimea; the second was a fold-out map of Ukraine by Emanuel Bowen. Maps were used to show battle lines, to chronicle voyages, and to educate about areas with which Britain traded. Certain geographers, like Thomas Jefferys, contributed several maps to the publication.