Influential map of Asia by Nicolas Sanson, mapmaker to the King of France and the most influential mapmaker of the mid-17th Century.
The map includes several unusual features. Korea is shown as an island (Corey). The configuration of the Philippines is unusual. Lastly, Sanson shows a narrow Straits of Anian and the Kingdoms of Anian, Quivira, and Nouvelle Albion, along with the Sierra Nevada, all along the Northwest Coast of America. This feature is of particular note, in that it differs from Sanson's 1650 map of North America, which omits any northwestern coastline and also does not identify the location of the Sierra Nevada.
Nicolas Sanson was perhaps the most influential map make of the mid-17th Century. His maps were copied, both in France and abroad, for much of the rest of the 17th and early 18th centuries, including by such mapmakers as Richard Blome, Giovanni Rossi, and others.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps; they are known for their clean style and extensive research. Sanson was largely responsible for beginning the shift of cartographic production and excellence from Amsterdam to Paris in the later-seventeenth century.
Sanson was born in Abbeville in Picardy. He made his first map at age twenty, a wall map of ancient Gaul. Upon moving to Paris, he gained the attention of Cardinal Richelieu, who made an introduction of Sanson to King Louis XIII. This led to Sanson's tutoring of the king and the granting of the title ingenieur-geographe du roi.
His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Early in his career, Sanson worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde (1658), Sanson' atlas and the first French world atlas.