Nice example of the second state of Ruscelli's modern map of Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf and Red Sea, from Ruscelli's Geografia.
Ruscelli's map is one of the earliest obtainable modern maps of the region. The map is an enlarged edition of Giacomo Gastaldi's maps of the region, which are among the most important early maps and now virtually unobtainable on the market.
Girolamo Ruscelli (1500-1566) was a cartographer, humanist, and scholar from Tuscany. Ruscelli was a prominent writer and editor in his time, writing about a wide variety of topics including the works of Giovanni Boccaccio and Francesco Petrarch, Italian language, Italian poetry, medicine, alchemy, and militia. One of his most notable works was a translation of Ptolemy’s Geographia which was published posthumously.
There is limited information available about Ruscelli’s life. He was born in the Tuscan city of Viterbo to a family of modest means. He was educated at the University of Padua and moved between Rome and Naples until 1548, when he moved to Naples to work in a publishing house as a writer and proofreader. He remained in the city until his death in 1566.