Unrecorded proof state of Antonio Lafreri's map of the Seven Churches of Rome.
The present example lacks the title and also has a significant amount of detail which is not present. In addition, overall, the plate has far more detail in the engraving work.
For example, the names of the churches and the crosses atop the churches are not shown. Also the statute of San Pietro and the 8 kneeling figures in front of him are not present in the foreground, at the steps of the Church of San Pietro.
In the bottom left corner, the farmhouse and field are far more elaborately rendered.
At the gate to Rome on the right side of the map, ther are 3 people and an animal entering the gate, whereas only 2 are shown in the Lafreri map.
There are many other differences.
Antonio Lafreri (1512-1577) (also known as Antoine Lafréry and Antoine du Pérac Lafréry) was a French mapmaker, engraver, and publisher who worked in Italy. Lafreri was born in Franche-Comté and moved to Rome around 1540. Lafreri sold sheet maps but he also bound maps into books for his clients based on their interests and needs. These are the famous Lafreri atlases, important pre-cursors to the modern atlas. He also published well known works such as the Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae (ca. 1575), a collection of engraved views and images of Rome. Lafreri was well-connected to the cartographic networks of the time, collaborating with Giacomo Gastaldi, Battista Agnese, Antonio Salamanca, Donato Bertelli, Paolo Forlani, and others.