Attractive two-stone lithographed view of New Amsterdam, circa 1667, extracted from Valentine's Manual.
1667 marked the end of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, which was concluded with the Treaty of Breda. In that treaty, the United Provinces agreed with Britain to the status quo of English ownership of Manhattan, and the Dutch finally relinquished their claims to the island.
Edited by David Thomas Valentine (1801-1869) in New York, 1858. The books were produced annually (28 Vols.) from 1841 to 1870, and are commonly referred to as Valentine's Manuals. They are officially titled Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York. Another title seen is Manual of the Common Council of the City of New York. They contain hundreds of maps, lithographs and woodcuts of New York City, often of sites demolished earlier such as this view of Fort George. They are illustrated histories of New York City. They are more than picture books; they also organize and present a governmental record of the Corporation of New York City, including lists of offices and office holders, election results, and financial summaries. In addition, they contain statistics such as those for social and religious institutions, banks, hospitals, and schools.