Fine old color example of Sanson's important early map of the region bounded by Peru and Columbia in the west to Venezuela and part of Lago De Parime in the east, covering the Dutch Antilles, Trinidad, Tobago, S. Vincente S. Lucia, etc.
The map covers the region which would become New Granada under Simon Bolivar, 150 years later, but is still controlled by the Spanish, who at the time were developing the region, espeically around Quito, for its vast mineral resources. Many major cities appear, as do rivers, lakes, mountains, islands and other details.
One of the earliest obtainable regional maps of this area.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps; they are known for their clean style and extensive research. Sanson was largely responsible for beginning the shift of cartographic production and excellence from Amsterdam to Paris in the later-seventeenth century.
Sanson was born in Abbeville in Picardy. He made his first map at age twenty, a wall map of ancient Gaul. Upon moving to Paris, he gained the attention of Cardinal Richelieu, who made an introduction of Sanson to King Louis XIII. This led to Sanson's tutoring of the king and the granting of the title ingenieur-geographe du roi.
His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Early in his career, Sanson worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde (1658), Sanson' atlas and the first French world atlas.