Scarce Leipzig edition of Nicolas Bellin's map of North America, first published in 1743.
The most distinctive feature of this map is the definitive and highly direct water route from Lake Superior to the Pacific Ocean. While Bellin was somewhat tentative in his treatment of the NW Coast of America, this straight wide-open water course though the Lake of the Woods and Lake Winnipeg is a remarkable feature. The areas explored by D'Aguilar and D'Font on the west coast of North America are very much in evidence, as are the results of the Jesuit Missionaries travels in the Great Lakes and Upper Mississippi Valley.
The map is one of Bellin's earliest maps of any part of North America.. The map was produced for Charlevoix's Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France. The map was compiled in part from the Chaussegros de Lery manuscripts and is also noteworthy for the fictious mountain range in Michigan. Rich with Indian information, notes, early french forts and other early features.
In 1720 the Duke of Orleans sent the Jesuit scholar and explorer Pierre François-Xavier de Charlevoix to America to record events in New France and Louisiana and determine the best route to the Pacific Ocean. Charlevoix gathered geographic information from fur traders in Quebec and traveled through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River. After he returned to France, Charlevoix published his views on North America in his Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France, which has become one of hte most important works on North America during the period prior to the French & Indian (Seven Years) War.
Thomas Jefferson owned a copy of Charlevoix's Histoire et description générale and recommended it, along with the accounts of Hennepin and Lahontan, as a "particularly useful species of reading." He referred to Charlevoix's book as he developed his own ideas of Louisiana and the Northwest.
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772) was among the most important mapmakers of the eighteenth century. In 1721, at age 18, he was appointed hydrographer (chief cartographer) to the French Navy. In August 1741, he became the first Ingénieur de la Marine of the Depot des cartes et plans de la Marine (the French Hydrographic Office) and was named Official Hydrographer of the French King.
During his term as Official Hydrographer, the Depot was the single most active center for the production of sea charts and maps, including a large folio format sea-chart of France, the Neptune Francois. He also produced a number of sea-atlases of the world, e.g., the Atlas Maritime and the Hydrographie Francaise. These gained fame, distinction, and respect all over Europe and were republished throughout the 18th and even in the succeeding century.
Bellin also came out with smaller format maps such as the 1764 Petit Atlas Maritime, containing 580 finely detailed charts. He also contributed many of the maps for Bellin and contributed a number of maps to the 15-volume Histoire Generale des Voyages of Antoine François Prévost or simply known l'Abbe Prevost.
Bellin set a very high standard of workmanship and accuracy, thus gaining for France a leading role in European cartography and geography. Many of his maps were copied by other mapmakers of Europe.