Attractive example of J.B. Nolin's map of the World, with 10 different hemisphereic projections.
The map shows California as an Island, no northwest coast of America, and incomplete coastlines or New Zealand and Australia. The mythical Terres Australes et Inconnues is still shown.
The present map was first issued in 1690, with the date in the title and areas between the two hemispheres at the center left blank, with Nolin's address given as "Quay de l'Horologe des Palais proche la Rue de Harlay a l'Enseigne de la Place Des Victoires." This second edition includes a different address ". . . proche la Pont-Neuf. . . " and includes a dedication to Louis Phelippeaux De Pontchartrin, Chancelier de France".
Jean Baptiste Nolin (c.1657-1708) was the leading French cartographer of the late sixteenth-century. Fulfilling various royal commissions for Louis XIV, Nolin had privileged access to official French geographical sources. He notably maintained a close and highly lucrative association with the great Venetian cartographer Vincenzo Maria Coronelli.
Vincenzo Maria Coronelli (1650-1718) is one of the most influential Italian mapmakers and is known especially for his globes and atlases. The son of a tailor, Vincenzo was apprenticed to a xylographer (a wood block engraver) at a young age. At fifteen he became a novice in a Franciscan monastery. At sixteen he published his first book, the first of 140 publications he would write in his lifetime. The order recognized his intellectual ability and saw him educated in Venice and Rome. He earned a doctorate in theology, but also studied astronomy. By the late 1670s, he was working on geography and was commissioned to create a set of globes for the Duke of Parma. These globes were five feet in diameter. The Parma globes led to Coronelli being named theologian to the Duke and receiving a bigger commission, this one from Louis XIV of France. Coronelli moved to Paris for two years to construct the King’s huge globes, which are 12.5 feet in diameter and weigh 2 tons.
The globes for the French King led to a craze for Coronelli’s work and he traveled Europe making globes for the ultra-elite. By 1705, he had returned to Venice. There, he founded the first geographical society, the Accademia Cosmografica degli Argonauti and was named Cosmographer of the Republic of Venice. He died in 1718.