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Important early sea chart of the China Sea, published by Jean Baptiste Nicholas D. D'Apre de Mannevillette. in Paris, for his Neptune Orientale.

The map extends from Fuzhou and Taiwan in the north, to the Philippines, Borneo and Bintam, in the south, and shows the whole of the coast of Southern China and Vietnam, including Macao and an unnamed Hong Kong.

The map includes a lettered key next to the title, which lists the vessels that had explored the region between 1752 and 1763. Of particular note on the map is the depiction of Hong Kong as "Fan-chin-cheo".

The map was first published by Dalrymple, in London 1771, and COPAC lists the British Library as having an example. This particular example is a slightly later edition (c.1775), published by D'Apres de Mannevillette in Paris, which appeared in later editions of Le Neptune Oriental.

Jean .B.N.D. D' Apres de Mannevillette (1707-1780), was a famous French sailor and hydrographer. During a voyage to China in 1728, he succeeded in correcting the latitudes of many places using new instruments. Back in France he devised a plan to correct and publish all the existing maps of the route to China: the Red Sea, the coasts of India, Malaya, the northern parts of Indonesia, Indochina and China. When the first edition of his Atlas Le Neptune Oriental (containing only 22 charts), was published in 1745, it was regarded as a major achievement and a library indispensable to navigators. In 1762, Mannevillette was appointed director of an office established by the Compagnie des Indes, for the publication of charts.

Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Denis d'Après de Mannevillette Biography

Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Denis d'Après de Mannevillette (1707–1780) was a French sailor and hydrographer.

D'Après de Mannevillette was a captain for the Compagnie des Indes, and in this position, he charted the coasts of the East Indies and China. He published the Neptune Oriental for the first time in 1745. It was a major cartographical achievement and a practical resource for navigators sailing to the Indian Ocean and Asia. The 1775 edition encompassed the majority of the known world.

D'Après de Mannevillette's access to up-to-date sources of information – such as explorer´s narratives - and his eagerness to constantly update the cartography of his maps, enabled him to produce some of the most accurate charts of the 18th century.