Full original color example of southeastern quadrant (1st State!), from Aaron Arrowsmith's rare 8-sheet map of the East Indies, dated 1799.
The map is richly annotated with both important navigational details and historical notes, including notes of discovery dating to the 17th Century. The map also includes a number of soundings, some of which include the name and date of the expedition which generated the information.
Among other details, the map tracks the route of Captain Cook in 1770 from south of Papua New Guinea toward the Indian Ocean and a number of ships, including
- The Henry Dundas in 1790 (Borneo Coast)
- The Jason in 1771 (Borneo Coast)
- Captain Hunter 1791 ( HMS Sirius, Captain John Hunter, later 2nd Governor of New South Wales )
- Warren Hastings in 1787
- The Glatton in 1787
- Marquis Cornwallis in 1797
- Addington 1797
- Cuffnell 1797
- Pocock 1761
- French Frigate la Colombe in 1755
- Tartar Gally 1774.
- Panther and Endeavor in 1790
- Captain Cateret 1767
The map includes a highly modern and detailed treatment of Borneo, Celebes, Papua New Guinea, Timor, etc. A number of regions would be extensively reworked in the later editions of the map, most notably:
- The northern coastline of Celebes
- The eastern part of Sumbawa
- The northern coast of Timor
The first state of this chart is very rare on the market, making the present southeastern quadrant an excellent opportunity for regional collectors.
Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1823) was born in Durham in 1750. He came to London for work around 1770, where he found employment as a surveyor for the city’s mapmakers. By 1790, he had set up his own shop which specialized in general charts. Arrowsmith’s three shops were located on or near Soho Square, a neighborhood the led him to rub shoulders with the likes of Joseph Banks, the naturalist, and Matthew Flinders, the hydrographer. Through his business ties and employment at the HO, Arrowsmith made other important relationships with Alexander Dalrymple, the HBC, and other companies. In 1810 he became Hydrographer to the Prince of Wales and, in 1820, Hydrographer to the King. He died in 1823, whereby the business passed to his sons, Aaron and Samuel, and, later, his nephew, John.