An important early battle plan, showing the position of the British and American Troops following the second battle of Saratoga.
Following the first battle, Burgoyne took a defensive position, while the Americans withdrew to wait for his next move. Burgoyne marched out and was attacked by Gates on both flanks. While his army survived the battle, the consequences were quite severe. With his supplies running low and his escape blocked by the American, Burgoyne set up a final defensive camp near Saratoga, where he remained until he negotiated terms of surrender on Oct. 17, 1777. The battle was a major turning point in the American Revolution, as it was the American's first major victory and contributed significantly to the French decision to back the Americans.
Originally engraved by Faden, the map shows the final encampment of Burgoyne's army, including troop placements and defenses across the Fish Kill from Saratoga and the American positions surrounding the British, including Gates' main army to the south of the Fish Kill, Morgan's riflemen in the woods to the west, and General Fellows troops blocking the escape route across the Hudson on the east.
William Faden (1749-1836) was a prominent London mapmaker and publisher. He worked in close partnership with the prolific Thomas Jeffreys from 1773 to 1776. In 1783, Faden assumed ownership of the Jeffreys firm and was named Geographer to the King in the same year. Faden specialized in depictions of North America and also commanded a large stock of British county maps, which made him attractive as a partner to the Ordnance Survey; he published the first Ordnance map in 1801. The Admiralty also admired his work and acquired some of his plates which were re-issued as official naval charts. After retiring in 1823 the lucrative business passed to James Wyld, a former apprentice.