Nice example of De Jode's first map of South America, engraved by Jan Van Deutecum for the first edition of De Jode's Speculum Orbis Terrarum.
De Jode's map of South America is one of the earliest maps to show the continent of South America alone, and the earliest Dutch map of South America.
The map is drawn from Forlani's map of South America, which was first published in 1562. The topographical image differs strongly from the influential 1562 wall-map of America by Diego Gutierrez. For instance, the form of the Amazon with a series of over-emphasized curves has disappeared. In all and especially in the southern part, the proportions are highly distorted.
For the geographical information, Forlani drew in large part on the world map published in 1561 by Giacomo Gastaldi.
This map appears only in De Jode's first atlas and was replaced in the second edition with an entirely new map.
Gerard De Jode (1509-1591) was a pre-eminent mapmaker in the late seventeenth century, a time when the Dutch dominated the map trade. He was known for his many maps, some of which featured in Speculum Orbis Terrae (first edition Antwerp: 1578). Although never as successful as Ortelius’ Theatrum, the Speculum did get republished in a second edition in 1593, two years after De Jode’s death, by Arnold Coninx, and included this map. After his death, Gerard’s son, Cornelis (1568-1600), and his wife, Paschina, ran the shop. Unfortunately, Cornelis died young in 1600, aged only 32, and the stock and plates were sold to the publisher Joan Baptista Vrients.