An Orginal Manuscript Spanish Military Reconaissance Map of Luiangan District, Luzon, drafted on the eve of the Spanish-American War
This attractive manuscript map focuses on the "Camino para el Luiangan" that weaved into the Cordillera Central from the provincial capital of Bayombong. The road wends its way as a crescent through the mountains richly expressed in pictographic detail. The road, the only conduit for the Spanish military, traverses the fort and mission at Lagaui, the last outpost of Spanish control in a land that was still domianted by the indigenous Igorot peoples. The mountains are described in places as "Montes y Bosques inhabitados", and elsewhere as "Montes et Tierras desconocido" (parts unknown), while numerous villages are labeled. The Spaniards were only able to penetrate the region in beginning in the 1850s, and it was an active theater of resistance during the Philippine Revolutionary Era at the end of the century.