First edition of Sanson's map of Canada and the Great Lakes, which would influence regional cartography for the next 100 years.\
Along with Sanson's larger map issued in 1656, this map includes many firsts and changes of great note. First appearance of Lake Erie ou du chat, which referenced the panther like qualities of the local Indians. Much improvement in the drainage of the Great Lakes and St Lawrence. The map draws heavily on the Jesuit explorations to the west and the travels of the French Fur Traders.
Greater detail shown in Hudson Bay than in earlier maps. Long Island is introduced and New Amsterdam is correctly placed. The Delaware River's course is greatly improved and the Swedish Colony noted (although by then defeated). New Netherlands is shown extending to Cape Cod. The classic open Great Lakes from Sanson's North American map are shown in fine detail.
From the 1657 edition of Sanson's L'Amerique en Plusieurs Cartes Nouvelles… the third atlas to focus solely upon America.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps. His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Previously, Sanson had worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde.