Rare separately issued map of Ecuador, almost certainly the first large format map of Ecuador, including a large map of the Galapagos Archipelago.
The map is exceptionally detailed, showing the mountainous terrain of the country, divided into Provincias, Contones, Parroquias, Anejos, etc. as shown in the colored key at the lower right.
The map credits a number of the most famous map makers of the prior century, including Pedro Maldonado and Alexander Von Humboldt. Robert Fitzroy was an English chart maker who prepared an early detailed chart of the Galapagos in 1835.
Manuel Villavicencio was sent on an expedition to Ecador in 1858, during which time he mapped the country. The map was prepared in the year before Ecuador's so called "Terrible Year," in which the country slipped into near anarchy.
Manuel Villavicencio was born in Lima in 1840. He was the son of Manuel and Juana Villavisencio Freyre.
After completing his studies at the Colegio Peruano-Frances, Villvicencio entered the Naval Military Academy as midshipman on 1 August 1855, at the age of 13. After completing his studies, he graduated with the Class of Midshipman on July 29, 1857, and was assigned to the warship "Izcuchaca."
On March 30, 1858, Villavicencio was assigned to the frigate "Apurimac", with which he participated in the expedition to Ecuador between 1859 and 1860, where he participated in the blockade of Guayaquil, under the command of Admiral Ignatius Mariátegui. It was during this time period that he prepared his Carta Corografica de la Republica del Ecuador, published by Ferdinand Mayer & Co. in New York.
It would also appear that his grandfather (?), Manuel Villavicencio prepared a map of Santiago District of Mexico City in 1782.