Scarce topographical map of the proposed Kilauea Volcano National Park, prepared by the United States Geological Survey, in conjunction with the Territory of Hawaii.
The highly detailed map shows Government Roads, Private and Secondary Roads, Trails, Buildings, Railroads, Fnces, Caves, Lava Flows, Lava Trees, and a host of other details.
Governor Walter F. Frear, the 3rd Territorial Governor of Hawaii, proposed a draft bill in 1911 to create "Kilauea National Park." Lorrin Thurston, the granson of Asa Thurston (the first American to visit the volcano) and local landowner William Herbert Shipman proposed boundaries, but ran into some opposition from ranchers.
Thurston obtainted endorsements from John Muir, Henry Cabot Lodge, and former President Theodore Roosevelt. After several attempts, the legislation introduced by delegate Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana'ole finally passed to create the park and was signed into law by Woodrow Wilson on August 1, 1916. It was the 11th National Park in the United States. Within a few weeks, the National Park Service Organic Act would create the National Park Service to run the system. Originally called "Hawaii National Park", it became Hawaii Volcanoes National Park when it was split off from the Haleakala National Park on September 22, 1960.