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Description

Important early map of Oregon from the Surveyor General, Eugene City, July 20, 1866.

The map has been updated from the earlier Diagram of Oregon to include the Oregon Central Military Road, and a new town called Kirby Ville north of Ft. Klamath. The only other towns in the east are Dalles, Umatilla, Canyon City, Auburn, Granite City and Le Grande. Crater Lake is not yet shwon. The map shows Gold Region, surveyed and unsurveyed regions and many other details.

Reference
Wheat 1154.
General Land Office Biography

The General Land Office (GLO) refers to the independent agency in the United States that was in charge of public domain lands. Created in 1812, it assumed the responsibilities for public domain lands from the United States Department of the Treasury. The Treasury had overseen the survey of the Northwest Territory, but as more area was added to the United States, a new agency was necessary to survey the new lands.

Eventually, the GLO would be responsible for the surveying, platting, and sale of the majority of the land west of the Mississippi, with the exception of Texas. When the Secretary of the Interior was created in 1849, the GLO was placed under its authority. Until the creation of the Forest Service in 1905, the GLO also managed forest lands that had been removed from public domain. In additional to managing the fees and sales of land, the GLO produced maps and plans of the areas and plots they surveyed. In 1946, the GLO merged with the United States Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management.