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Description

Important early map showing the region between Lake Superior and Lake Huron.

Starting at Whitefish Bay & Point, the map locates Sault Ste Marie & the course of the St.Mary's River down to Isle St. Joseph showing the course of the St Mary's River down to Isle St. Joseph showing the portage & mission of Ste Marie,Fort Sauvage & Isle St.Georges.

Shows the Passage des Canots (canoes) and Passage des Batimens (ships) on either side of Isle St.Joseph. Chart also depicts the Straits of Mackinac with the Bay and Cape of St.Ignace on the northern shore. Isle St.Helene in center of the straits and a fort & mission of St.Ignace on the southern shore. Also shows the Isle Ronde, I aux Bois Blancs. I.Michillimakinac, Isle du Detour and Isle de Tessalons.

Includes a decorative compass rose. Extremely important regional map.

In 1720 the Duke of Orleans sent the Jesuit scholar and explorer Pierre François-Xavier de Charlevoix to America to record events in New France and Louisiana and determine the best route to the Pacific Ocean. Charlevoix gathered geographic information from fur traders in Quebec and traveled through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River. After he returned to France, Charlevoix published his views on North America in his Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France, which has become one of hte most important works on North America during the period prior to the French & Indian (Seven Years) War.

Thomas Jefferson owned a copy of Charlevoix's Histoire et description générale and recommended it, along with the accounts of Hennepin and Lahontan, as a "particularly useful species of reading." He referred to Charlevoix's book as he developed his own ideas of Louisiana and the Northwest.

Condition Description
Left margin uneven cutting in to the neatline
Jacques Nicolas Bellin Biography

Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772) was among the most important mapmakers of the eighteenth century. In 1721, at age 18, he was appointed hydrographer (chief cartographer) to the French Navy. In August 1741, he became the first Ingénieur de la Marine of the Depot des cartes et plans de la Marine (the French Hydrographic Office) and was named Official Hydrographer of the French King.

During his term as Official Hydrographer, the Depot was the single most active center for the production of sea charts and maps, including a large folio format sea-chart of France, the Neptune Francois. He also produced a number of sea-atlases of the world, e.g., the Atlas Maritime and the Hydrographie Francaise. These gained fame, distinction, and respect all over Europe and were republished throughout the 18th and even in the succeeding century.

Bellin also came out with smaller format maps such as the 1764 Petit Atlas Maritime, containing 580 finely detailed charts. He also contributed many of the maps for Bellin and contributed a number of maps to the 15-volume Histoire Generale des Voyages of Antoine François Prévost or simply known l'Abbe Prevost.

Bellin set a very high standard of workmanship and accuracy, thus gaining for France a leading role in European cartography and geography. Many of his maps were copied by other mapmakers of Europe.