Fine example of Sylvanus' map of Southeast Asia, China, India and adjoining regions.
Sylvanus' 11th Map of India and Southeast Asia was a radical departure from the 15th Century editions of Ptolemy. Until Sylvanus, all printed editions of Ptolemy were based on the trapezoidal prototype maps of Nicolaus Germanus, whose mid-15th Century Cosmographia was the basis for each of the printed editions of Ptolemy's work published in the 15th Century (1477 Bologna, 1478-90 Rome, 1482-86 Ulm, and 1482 Berlingheri).
The map shows the entire region of southeast Asia with the Ganges River in the west, the "Sinae" (China) in the east, and southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, and China Sea. The map appeared in Sylvanus' Claudii Ptholemaei Alexandrini liber Geographicae . . ., published in Venice in 1511. The Sylvanus edition of Ptolemy is one of the earliest to include maps with modern geographical updates. The rich topographical style of the map is a marked deviation from earlier Ptolemy maps of the region. Sylvanus' work was also a landmark in the history of printed maps, being the first maps printed in two colors. Sylvanus printed each of his maps using two plates, with each of the map sheets in the work printed on both sides, meaning that there are halves of two different maps on the back side of this example of the map. As a result, Sylvanus' maps are very rare on the market and certain maps virtually never appear on the market, where they appeared on the verso of maps which were more heavily sought after by collectors.
The map appeared in Sylvanus' Claudii Ptholemaei Alexandrini liber Geographicae . . ., published in Venice in 1511. The Sylvanus edition of Ptolemy is one of the earliest to include maps with modern geographical updates.
Bernardus Sylvanus (Bernardo Silvano) was born around 1465 in Eboli, a small agricultural town near Salerno in southern Italy. He began studying Ptolemy around 1490, when he was living in Naples. At this time he ran a print shop or studio, producing maps and codices. It was here that he produced his first edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia in 1490, which he dedicated to Andrea Matteo Acquaviva, the third Duke of Atri. For this edition Sylvanus used coordinates and text from Jacopo d’Angelo’s translation, and copied the maps from a Roman printed edition of either 1478 or 1490 (both printed from the same plates). Sylvanus’ 1511 Venice edition of the Geographia built on his prior work, but was groundbreaking in several regards. It was the only edition to add modern updates directly into Ptolemy’s maps, the only edition at the time to print maps on both sides of the leaf, the first edition printed in two colors, and the first Italian edition to use woodblocks. Nothing is known of Sylvanus’ life after the publication of this edition.